Web Links and Suggested Readings
African Diaspora Music and Expressive Culture -- A comprehensive bibliography of sources related to African Diaspora Music and Expressive Culture (i.e., The African Background of American Culture through the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade). Compiled by Michael Stone firstname.lastname@example.org, of the Department of Anthropology at Hartwick College. Project support by the NEH Summer Institute and the Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, June 1998.
A Brief History of New Orleans Jazz--This history was prepared by a National Park Service study team to be included in the Special Resource Study and Environmental Assessment of Suitable/Feasible Alternatives for the New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park in 1993.
Clapping On Two and Four--Essay by Kalamu ya Salaam that addresses two seminal, albeit frequently overlooked, characteristics of public performance in the Black cultural context. The first aspect is the use of the music as a language and the second is the function of performance as a means of achieving social stability and cohesion. This essay was originally published in the 2001 Louisiana Folklife Festival booklet.
Folklife in Louisiana--Website created by the Louisiana Folklife Program, within the Louisiana Division of the Arts, to identify, document, conserve, and present the folk cultural resources of Louisiana. The site contains a wealth of resources to help you learn, teach, and plan projects about Louisiana folk traditions.
History of the Main Line--A “main line” is the official Social Aid and Pleasure Club sponsoring a parade in New Orleans. Willie Clark’s article for the Mardi Gras Digest (Feb. 2001) explains more about the history of the “main line” and its relationship to the “second line.” The article also features nice photos.
A History of New Orleans by Donald McNabb & Louis E."Lee" Madčre, Jr. A first draft of this manuscript was completed in late 1983, just prior to the 1984 New Orleans World Exposition. Revisions and updates were undertaken in 1991 and are continuing today. The manuscript is being entered as time permits. Louis E."Lee" Madčre, Jr., November, 2003, New Orleans, Louisiana. Copyright © 1983, 1991, 1995-2003. All Rights Reserved.
Jazz: A Film by Ken Burns --Website sponsored by PBS related to Ken Burns’ documentary series Jazz: A History of America’s Music. Site features an impressive collection of biographies, film transcripts, transcribed interviews with musicians, timelines, historical and contextual materials, sound and video clips, interactive activities for young adults, study guides for educators, and much more.LOUISiana Digital Library -- Louisiana's doorway to the unique cultural and historical resources of Louisiana's libraries, archives, museums, and other cultural institutions.
Louisiana Folklife Bibliography--A list of publications and books related to Louisiana folklife that are readily available. Compiled by the Louisiana Folklife Program, www.louisianafolklife.org.
New Orleans Jazz Funerals: Transition to the Ancestors --Dissertation (Ph.D) abstract by Ardencie Hall (1998, New York University). This dissertation examines jazz funerals as an African retention and as a sign of resistance against the dominant structure, while providing a model for how the event might be adapted for the theatre in the future.
Select Bibliography on Jazz in Film and Video—A comprehensive list compiled by the Motion Picture, Broadcasting & Recorded Sound Division of the Library of Congress.
“The Treasured Traditions of Louisiana Music”--Ben Sandmel wrote this essay for Louisiana Voices in 2003. Journalist, musician, and former riverboat deckhand, Ben Sandmel of New Orleans received a B.A. in Folklore from Indiana University. The author of Zydeco!, with photographer Rick Olivier, Sandmel is also the drummer and producer for The Hackberry Ramblers, a Cajun swing band. Sandmel is currently writing a book about New Orleans R&B singer Ernie K-Doe.
JAZZ MUSIC IN CONTEXT
Armstrong, Louis 1954, Satchmo: My Life in New Orleans. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Armstrong, Louis 1936, Swing That Music. New York: Longman's.
Asbury, Herbert 1938, The French Quarter: an Informal History of the New Orleans Underworld. New York: Garden City Publishing Co.
Abrahams, Peter. 1982 . Tell Freedom. Harare, Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe Publishing House.
Badger, Reid. 1995. A Life in Ragtime: A Biography of James Reese Europe. New York: Oxford University Press.
Balliett, Whitney. 1959. The Sound of Surprise: Forty-Six Pieces on Jazz. New York: E. P. Dutton.
Barker, Danny 1988, A Life In Jazz. Edited by Alyn Shipton. New York: Green and Company, Oxford University Press.
Berger, Kenneth. 1960. Band Encyclopedia. Evansville, Indiana: Band Associates, Inc.
Bechet, Sidney. 1978 . Treat It Gentle. New York: Da Capo Press.
Berry, Jason. 1988. “African Cultural Memory in New Orleans Music,” Black Music Research Journal. Vol. 8, No. 1 : pp. 3-12.
Berry, Jason, Jonathan Foose, and Tad Jones. 1986, Up from the Cradle of Jazz. Atlanta: University of Georgia Press.
Berry, Lemuel, Jr. 1991, "The Impact of Creole Music on Jazz." The Second Line, vol. 43, no. 1,9-10.
Bigard, Barney and Barry Martyn (ed.) 1980, With Louis and the Duke: Autobiography of a Jazz Clarinetist. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bird, Christiane 1991, The Jazz and Blues Lover s Guide to the U.S., New York: Addison Wesley Publishing Company Inc.
Blesh, Rudi 1958, Shining Trumpets. New York: Knopf, 1946, rev. 1958.
Blesh, Rudi and Harriet Janis 1950, They All Played Ragtime. New York: Knopf, 1950, rev. 1959.
Boudreaux, Ellen 1985, “A Photographic Tour of New Orleans Jazz Heritage.” New Orleans Preservation In Print, April:10.
Boudreaux, Ellen 1985, “Heritage.” New Orleans Preservation In Print, April.
Bourdeaux, Ellen D. 1985, “Jazz Festival Previews Artists.” New Orleans Preservation In Print, April.
Brunn, H.O. 1960, The Story of the Original Dixieland Jazz Band. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Bryant, Carolyn. 1975. And the Band Played On, 1776-1976. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.
Buerkle, Jack V. and Danny Barker 1973, Bourbon Street Black: The New Orleans Black Jazzman. New York: Oxford University Press.
Burns, Ken and Geoffrey C. Ward. 2000. Jazz: A History of America’s Music. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.
Bushell, Garvin, as told to Mark Tucker 1988, Jazz from the Beginning. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
Carroll, Pat 1945, "Bunk Johnson Tells His Story to Gus P. Statiras: An Interview in Bunk's Room, September, 1945." Reprinted from JAZZFAX, pp.3-4, 23, 25.
Carter, William. 1991. Preservation Hall: music from the heart. Oxford: Bayou.
Charters, Samuel B. 1958, Jazz: New Orleans 1885-1957. Belleville, New Jersey:
Charters, Samuel B. 1981, The Roots of the Blues: an African Search. New York: DaCapo.
Charters, Samuel B. and Leonard Kunstadt 1981, Jazz: A History of the New York Scene. Doubleday, 1962; DaCapo, 1981.
Chernoff, John Miller. 1981. African Rhythm and African Sensibility: Aesthetics and Social Action in African Musical Idioms. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Chilton, John. 1979, Who's Who of Jazz: Storyville to Swing Street. New York: Time-Life.
______. 1980. A Jazz Nursery: The Story of the Jenkins’ Orphanage Bands of Charleston, South Carolina. London: Bloomsbury Book Shop.
______. 1987, Sidney Bechet: the Wizard of Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press.
Clayton, Peter and Peter Gammond 1989, The Guinness Jazz Companion. Great Britain: Guinness Publishing Ltd.
Collier, James Lincoln 1983, Louis Armstrong: An American Genius. New York: Oxford University Press.
Collins, Lee 1989, Oh Didn’t He Ramble: the Life Story of Lee Collins as Told to Mary Collins. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Dodds, Warren 1959, The Baby Dodds Story, as told to Larry Gara. Los Angeles: Contemporary Press.
Elkus, Jonathan. 1974. Charles Ives and the American Band Tradition. Exeter, England: University of Exeter.
Ellison, Ralph. 1964. Shadow and Act. New York: Vintage Books.
Fairbairn, Ann 1971, Call Him George: Biography of George Lewis. Crown, 1969, New York: Bantam ed. 1971.
Farmer, Henry George. 1965. Handel’s Kettledrums and Other Papers on Military Music. London: Hinrichsen Edition.
______. 1970. Rise and Development of Military Music. Freeport, New York: Books for Libraries Press.
Farmer, Henry George and James Blades. 1980. Janissary Music. The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians Vol. 9, ed. Stanley Sadie, pp. 496-498. London: Macmillan.
Fieher, Thomas 1991, "From Quadrille to Stomp: The Creole Origins of Jazz." Popular Music, 10 (January 1991): 21-38.
Federation Jazz 1991, Vol. 5, No.2, (May-June).
Foster, Pops, as told to Tom Stoddard 1971, Pops Foster: The Autobiography of a New Orleans Jazzman. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
Foster, Robert E. 1991 . Multiple-Option Marching Band Techniques. Van Nuys, California: Alfred Publishing Company.
Gable, George 1959, "The Dance In Place Congo." Creoles and Cajuns: Stories of Old Louisiana. New York: Doubleday.
Garvey, Joan B. and Mary Lou Widmer. 1998. Beautiful Crescent: A History of New Orleans. New Orleans: Garmer Press.
Giddins, Gary 1988, Satchmo. New York: Doubleday.
Goldman, Richard Franko. 1938. The Band’s Music. New York: Pitman Publishing Corporation.
Gushee, Lawrence 1985, "A Preliminary Chronology of the Early Career of Ferd 'Jelly Roll' Morton." American Music, 3.
Gushee, Lawrence 1989, "New Orleans Area Musicians on the West Coast, 1908-1925." Black Music Research Journal, 9 (Spring).
Gushee, Lawrence 1988, "How The Creole Band Came To Be." Black Music Research Journal, 8.
Handy, W.C. 1947. Father of the Blues: An Autobiography. New York: Macmillan Company.
Harland, Louis R., Stuart B. Kaufman and Raymond W. Smock, eds. 1974. The Booker T. Washington Papers, Volume 3, 1889-95. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Hasse, John Edward, ed. 1985, Ragtime: Its History, Composers, and Music. New York: Schirmer Books.
Hillerman, Christopher 1988, Bunk Johnson, His Life and Times. New York: Universe Books.
Hodeir, Andre 1956, Jazz: Its Evolution and Essence. New York: Grove Press.
Holbrook, Dick 1976, "Mr. Jazz Himself -The Story of Ray Lopez," Storyville, 64 (April-May).
Holloway, Joseph E. ed. 1990. Africanisms in American Culture. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Jankowiak, William R., Helen Regis, and Chris Turner 1990, Black Social Aid and Pleasure Clubs: Marching Associations in New Orleans. Department of Anthropology, Tulane University, under contract with the National Park Service.
Jerde, Curtis 1990, Architectural Record and Resources Related to Jazz in the New Orleans Area. Earth Search, Inc. under contract with the National Park Service.
Jerde, Curtis, and Jeffrey Treffinger 1990, Jazz-Related Sites and Structures in the New Orleans Area. Earth Search, Inc. under contract with the National Park Service.
Johnson, Jerah 1991, "New Orlean's Congo Square: An Urban Setting for Early Afro-American Culture Formation." Louisiana History, 32 (Spring):117-157.
Jones. LeRoi 1963, Blues People: The Negro Experience in White America and The Music that Developed from It. New York: Morrow Quill Paperbacks.
Keepners, Orrin and Bill Grauer, Jr. 1966, A Pictorial History of Jazz: People and Places from New Orleans to Modern Jazz. New York: Crown Publishers, Inc.
Kernfeld, Barry 1988, The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. 2 vols. McMillan Press. Ltd.. London.
Kmen. Henry A. 1966, Music in New Orleans: The Formative Years, 1791-1841. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
______. 1968, "The Music of New Orleans." The Past as Prelude: New Orleans, 1718-1968. New Orleans: Tulane University Press.
______. 1972, "The Roots of Jazz and the Dance in Congo Square: A Re-Appraisal." Inter-American Musical Research Yearbook. 8 (1972):5-16.
Koenig, Dr. Karl 1982, "Deer Range Plantation and Band." The Second Line. (Fall): 4-9.
______.1990, Sonic Boom: Drums, Drummers & Drumming in Early Jazz. Covington. LA: Basin Street Press.
Lewis, Pierce F. 1976, New Orleans: The Making of an Urban Landscape. Cambridge, MA: Ballinger Publishing Co.
Lomax. Alan 1973, Mister Jelly Roll: The Fortunes of Jelly Roll Morton, New Orleans Creole and "Inventor of Jazz." Berkley: University of. California Press.
Lord, Albert. 1960. Singer of Tales. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Malone, Jaqui. 1990. The FAMU Marching 100. The Black Perspective in Music 18 (1): 59-80.
_____. 1996. Steppin’ on the Blues. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Manfredo, Joseph. 1995. Instrumentation of the American Collegiate Wind-Band. Tutzing: Verlegt Bei Hans Schneider.
Marquis, Donald M. 1978, In Search of Buddy Bolden, First Man of Jazz. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Marquis, Donald M. 1990, Finding Buddy Bolden, First Man of Jazz. Goshen. Indiana: Pinchpenny Press.
Martin, John. 1963. The Dance. New York: Tudor Publishing Company.
McGinty. Brian 1981, Jazz: Red Hot & Cool. Philadelphia: Eastern Acorn Press, (Eastern National Park & Monument Association).
Maultsby, Portia K. 1990. Africanisms in African-American Music. In Africanisms in American Culture, ed. Joseph E. Holloway, pp.185-210. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Nketia, J.H. Kwabena. 1974. The Music of Africa. New York: Norton.
_____. 1990 . African Roots of Music in the Americas: An African View. In Report of the 12th Congress, pp. 82-88. London: American Musicological Society; In Africanisms in American Culture, Joseph E. Holloway, ed., pp. 185-210. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Olson, Kenneth E. 1981. Music and Musket: Bands and Bandsmen of the American Civil War. London: Greenwood Press.
Palao, Mike 1976, "Dominic James 'Nick' LaRocca. Dixieland Jazz Pioneer." Reprinted from Italian-American Digest, March.
Raeburn, Bruce Boyd 1991, "Jazz and the Italian Connection." The Jazz Archivist, 6 (May): 1-8.
Raeburn, Bruce Boyd, Curator n.d., William Ransom Hogan Jazz Archive. Howard-Tilton Memorial Library, Tulane University, New Orleans. LA.
Ramsey, Frederic, Jr. 1961. Music of the South, Vol. 1: Country Brass Bands. Accompanying booklet to Music of the South, vol. 1, Folkways LP: FA 2650.
Ramsey, Frederick, Jr. and Charles Edward Smith (eds.) 1939, Jazzmen. Harcort, Brace and Company.
Right, Al G. and Stanley Newcomb. 1970. Bands of the World. Evanston, Illinois: The Instrumentalists Co.
Robinson, Beverly J. 1997. Faith is the Key and Prayer Unlocks the Door: Prayer in African American Life. Journal of American Folklore 110 (438): 408-414.
Rose, Al 1974, Storyville, New Orleans: Being an Authentic, Illustrated Account of thr Notorious Red-Light District. Tuscaloosa, Alabama: University of Alabama Press.
_____.1987, I Remember Jazz. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Rose AI and Edmond Souchon 1984, New Orleans Jazz: A Family Album. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Schafer, William and Richard B. Allen. 1977. Brass Bands and New Orleans Jazz. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press.
Schuller, Gunther 1968, Early Jazz: Its Roots and Musical Development. New York: Oxford University Press.
Schwartz, H.W. 1957. Bands of America. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday and Co.
Shapiro, Nat and Nat Hentoff 1957, The Jazz Makers. New York: Grove Press Inc.
Shapiro, Nat and Nat Hentoff 1966, Hear Me Talkin' To Ya. New York: Inehart & Company, Inc.
Smith, Charles Edward 1961, "New Orleans and Traditions in Jazz." Jazz. New York: Grove Press.
Smith, Michael P. 1984, Spirit World, Pattern in the Expressive Folk Culture of Afro-American New Orleans. New Orleans Urban Folklife Society.
_____. 1990, "New Orleans' Hidden Carnival." Cultural Vistas, 1(3) (Autumn).
_____. 1990, A Joyful Noise: A Celebration of New Orleans Music. Taylor Publishing Co., Dallas, TX.
_____. 1991, Conserving Urban Cultural Heritage: A Conference Co-Presented by The New Orleans Urban Folklife Society and the College of Urban and Public Affairs, University of New Orleans, Louisiana. (March 3D, 1991).
Southern, Eileen. 1983. The Music of Black Americans: A History. New York: W.W.
Norton & Company.
Stearns, Marshall 1956, The Story of Jazz. New York: Oxford University Press.
Stearns, Marshall and Jean Stearns. 1968. Jazz Dance: The Story of American
Vernacular Dance. New York: Macmillan Co.
Stewart, Jack 1982, I Didn't Mean Good-Bye: Dedicated To The Memory of George Blanchin and Tom Tooke. record album liner notes, N.P.
Stewart, Jack 1991, "The Mexican Band Legend: Myth, Reality, and Musical Impact; A Preliminary Investigation." The Jazz Archivist, 6 (December): 1-14.
Stewart, Jack 1991, "The Original Dixieland Jazz Band's Place in History." The Jazz Archivist, 6 (May): 7-8.
Stokes, W. Royal 1991, The Jazz Scene. Oxford University Press.
Swzed, John F. and Morton Marks. 1988. The Afro-American Transformation of
European Set Dances and Dance Suites. Dance Research Journal 1: 29-40.
Thompson, Robert Farris. 1979. African Art in Motion: Icon and Act. Los Angeles: University of California Press.
_____. 1991. Kongo Influences on African-American Artistic Culture. In Africanisms
in American Culture, ed. Joseph E. Holloway, pp.148-184. Bloomington: Indiana
Turner, Fredrick 1982, Remembering Song: Encounters with the New Orleans Jazz Tradition. New York: Viking Press.
Vigeland, Carl A. Vigeland and Wynton Marsalis. 2001. Jazz in the Bittersweet Blues of Life. Cambridge: Da Capo Press.
Waterman, Richard Alan. 1973 . African Influence on the Music of the Americas. In Mother Wit from the Laughing Barrel: Readings in the Interpretation of Afro-American Folklore, ed. Alan Dundes, pp. 81-94. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall.
Welburn, Ron. 1995 . Ralph Ellison’s Territorial Vantage. In Conversations with
Ralph Ellison, ed. Maryemma Graham and Amritjit Singh, pp. 302-318. Jackson: University of Mississippi Press.
White, Michael G. 1984, "The New Orleans Brass Band: Nature Style and Social Significance." Xavier Review. New Orleans: Xavier University.
White, Michael G. 1991, "Evolution of a Cultural Tradition." Cultural Vistas (Winter).
Williams, Martin 1979, Jazz Masters of New Orleans. New York: Da Capo.
Wilson, Charles Reagan, and William Ferris, eds. 1989, Encyclopedia of Southern Culture. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.
Wright and Newcomb 1970. Bands of the World. Evanston, Illinois: The Instrumentalist
FOLKLORE AND PERFORMANCE STUDIES
Abrahams, Roger D. 1968. Introductory Remarks to a Rhetorical Theory of Folklore. Journal of American Folklore 81: 143-148.
_____. 1972. Folklore and Literature as Performance. Journal of the Folklore Institute 8: 75-94.
_____. 1981. Shouting Match at the Border: The Folklore of Display Events. In And
Other Neighborly Names: Social Process and Cultural Image in Texas Folklore, eds. Richard Bauman and Roger D. Abrahams, pp. 303-321. Austin: University Texas Press.
_____. 1983. The Man-of-Words in the West Indies: Performance and the Emergence of
Creole Culture. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
_____. 1986. Interpreting Folklore Ethnographically and Sociologically. In Handbook
of American Folklore, ed. Richard Dorson, pp. 345-350. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Babcock, Barbara, ed. 1978. The Reversible World: Symbolic Inversion in Art and Society. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Bauman, Richard. 1971. Differential Identity and the Social Base of Folklore. Journal of American Folklore 84: 31-41.
_____. 1992. Folklore, Cultural Performances, and Pop Entertainment: A
Communications Centered Handbook. New York: Oxford University Press.
Bauman, Richard and Charles Briggs. 1990. Poetics and Performance as Critical Perspectives on Language and Social Life. Annual Review of Anthropology 19: 59-88.
Ben-Amos, Dan. 1972. Toward a Definition of Folklore in Context. In Toward New Perspectives in Folklore, eds. Americo Paredes and Richard Bauman, pp. 3-15.
Austin: University of Texas Press.
Ben-Amos, Dan and Kenneth Goldstein, eds. 1975. Folklore: Performance and Communication. The Hague: Mouton.
Fine, Elizabeth. 1984. The Folklore Text: From Performance to Print. Bloomington:
Indiana University Press.
Kapchan, Deborah A. 1995. Performance. Journal of American Folklore 108: 479-508.
Lomax, Alan. 1959. Folk Song Style. American Anthropologist 61: 929-938.
_____. 1968. Folk Song Style and Culture. Washington, D.C.: McCall Printing Co.
Manning, Frank E., ed. 1983. The Celebration of Society: Perspectives on Contemporary Cultural Performance. Bowling Green: Bowling Green State University Popular Press.
Singer, Milton. 1972. When a Great Tradition Modernizes: An Anthropological Approach to Indian Civilization. New York: Praeger Publishers.
Smith, Robert J. 1972. The Structure of Aesthetic Response. In Toward New Perspectives in Folklore, eds. Americo Paredes and Richard Bauman, pp. 68-79. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Turner, Rory and Phillip McArthur. 1990. The Emergence of Folklore in Everyday Life. Bloomington: Trickster Press.
Turner, Victor. 1986. The Anthropology of Performance. New York: PAJ Publications.