Suggested Resources, Gandy Dancers
Courlander Harold. Negro Songs from Alabama. New York: Wenner-Gren Foundation, 1960.
Ferguson, Leland. Epilogue to Uncommon Ground: Archaeology and Early African America, 1650-1800. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp 121-123.
Ferris, William. “Railroad Chants: Form and Function.” Mississippi Folklore Register, Vol. 4, 1970.
Holtzberg, Maggie. “The Gandy Dancer Speaks: Voices from Southern Black Railroad Gangs” in American Musical Traditions: Volume 2: African American Music. Edited by Jeff Todd Titon and Bob Carlin, pp.24-29. New York: Schirmer Reference, 2002. Originally published in Alabama Folklife: Collected Essays, Edited by Stephen H. Martin, Birmingham: Alabama Folklife Association, 1989.
Holtzberg, Maggie. “Gandy Dancing,” in Spirit of Steel: Music of the Mines, Railroads and Mills of the Birmingham District. Birmingham: Sloss Furnaces National Historic Landmark, pp. 3-6, 1999.
Hurston, Zora Neale. Jonah’s Gourd Vine. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Company, pp. 170-173, 1971.
Manning, Ambrose. “Railroad Work Songs,” Tennessee Folklore Society Bulletin, 32: 41-47, June 1966.
Ramsey, Frederic Jr. Been Here and Gone, Athens: The University of Georgia Press, 2000. Originally published: New Brunswick, NH, Rutgers University Press, 1960.
“Negro Work Songs and Calls,” (LP) Library of Congress, AFSL8.
“Track Linin’,” T.C.I. Section Crew, (78 rpm) Paramount 12478.
Taj Mahal "Linin' Track" on the Giant Step /De Ole Folks at Home (CD) 1989.
Film and Television:
“Gandy Dancer,” CBS Charles Kurault. On the Road, 10/5/1972.
Land Where the Blues Began Paula Talock, Editor, 1982.
To Sleep with Anger, feature film directed by Charles Burnett, 1990.
Gandy Dancers, documentary film co-directed by Barry Dornfeld and Maggie Holtzberg, 1994.